• Students will define immersion.
  • Students will explain the academic, cognitive, cultural, economic, emotional, and social benefits of early language learning and long sequences of articulated instruction.
  • Students will describe the advantages and constraints of different types of immersion programs.
  • Students will apply strategies for making input comprehensible.

Guiding Questions

  • What is immersion?
  • Why is immersion sometimes controversial?
  • How does early language learning benefit students and the community?
  • How do different program models support language learning?
  • What distinguishes the Utah Model from other immersion program models?
  • How can teachers help students who do not speak the target language understand what is being said?

Today's Tools

Key Principles

1) Stay in the target language.
2) Make yourself understood.
3) Manage your classroom with clear routines and procedures.


Activity 1: Why Immersion?

Utah Dual Immersion Video

Activity 2: Dual Language Immersion in Utah


Utah Portuguese Immersion

Activity 3: How do dual language immersion teachers make input comprehensible?

Chinese Teaching Demo (Pictures, Contextualization, Multiple Examples of Ripe/unripe)

SLA 1 Comprehensible Input (Cognates & Props)

Sabrina (Adding to Ten in Portuguese)

Lili Bueno (Nina Videos)

Activity 4:


Annotated Research Bibliographies

What the Research Shows
From ACTFL’s advocacy web page—contains a list of claims about language learning, each of which is hyperlinked to a well-annotated list of studies that support the claim

Research in Support of Elementary School Foreign Language Learning
An annotated bibliography reprinted by ACTFL that is divided into two sections—FLES and immersion

The Benefits of Second Language Study
A very nicely organized list of findings with citations – not specific to elementary, though

Research-based Responses for Common Administrator Questions
A brief list of questions, each answered with an annotated list of research citations.